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Child Rights Observatory ENCRO

Egypt National Child Rights Observatory (ENCRO) is a tri-partite initiative aiming to put the bases for a scientific research mechanism

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In Egypt

Child Law

Child Law 12/1996
The promulgation of Child Law number 12/1996 is considered one of the most important accomplishments of the National Council for Childhood and Motherhood after the Council’s Technical Advisory Committee took upon itself the task of forming a “legislative working group” to prepare a proposal for the promulgation of a Child Law which would translate the provisions of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, ratified in November 1989, into national legal provisions ensuring the implementation of all rights stipulated in the Convention without contradiction and inline with the provisions of the Islamic Shari’a. Moreover, the Council played an instrumental role in following up the proceeding of passing the law, which took place in Parliament. Following the passing of the law, the Council established another working group whose task was to draft the Executive Regulations of the law, which was passed by the Prime Minister decree number 3452/1997 on the 14th of November.

Being the first national legislation reflecting the spirit and provisions of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, the Child Law and its Executive Regulations were greatly appreciated in national and international circles.

Child Law 126/2008
In 2008 amendments were made to the Child law. The real siginificance of those amemndments according, to the Secretay General of NCCM, Moushira Khattab, is that they adopt a rights-based approach, for some Egyptian children are victims deprived of their rights to education, health and social care, and especially the right to family care. Therefore, such modifications are based on changing the way in which society views such children."

Child Law no 126 / 2008

Decrees

Presidential Decree No. 260 of 1990 on the approval of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, approved by the General Assembly of the United Nations on 20/11/1989

Presidential Decree No. 105 of 2002 on the approval of the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflicts, adopted at Geneva on 26/4/2000

Presidential Decree No. 104 of 2002 on the approval of the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography, adopted in Geneva on 26/4/2000

Presidential Decree No. 400 of 2007 on the approval of the International Convention for the Protection of Persons with Disabilities, signed in New York on 30/3/2007

Presidential Decree No. 69 of 2002 on the approval of the Convention No. 182 on the worst forms of child labor and immediate action to eliminate it and approved by the General Conference of the International Labor Organization on 17/6/1999

Presidential Decree No. 33 of 2001 on the approval of the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child, adopted in Addis Ababa on 7/7/1990

Presidential Decree No. 180 of 2001 on the agreement signed in Cairo on 22/10/2000 between the Governments of the Arab Republic of Egypt and Australia on cooperation in the protection of children's welfare

Presidential Decree No. of 1993 on the approval of the Arab Charter on the Rights of the Child adopted by the Council of Arab Social Affairs Ministers, at its fourth session in Tunis from 4 - 6/12/1983

By-laws

under study

Proposed laws

none currently

Laws under study

"Children with Disability" Law

Suggestions for Law Changes

write us at nccm-eg@hotmail.com



 
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