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Child Rights Observatory ENCRO

Egypt National Child Rights Observatory (ENCRO) is a tri-partite initiative aiming to put the bases for a scientific research mechanism

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Home  >  Priority Areas  >  Children at Risk

Children at Risk

The amended Child Law lists cases that put the child at risk and prompt action by child protection authorities (Article 96). These include cases of exposure to violence, abuse; or neglect (such as the failure to provide adequate food and shelter); exposure to unhealthy or immoral influence (such as exposure to criminal activity, including drugs); inadequate supervision and guidance; denial of access to education; being forced to work in violation of the law. Children who are deprived of their right to education or who live on the street or engage in dangerous activities such as begging are also identified as “at-risk,” entitled to special protection.

Child Labor

In addition to exposing children to dangers and threatening their health, child labor deprives children of their basic rights for education, limits their future prospects and perpetuates poverty. It has been highlighted since the 1980s as a phenomenon in Egypt and has been on NCCM’s list of priorities.

A national sample survey conducted by NCCM and CAPMAS in 2001 revealed that child labor for children between the ages of 6 and 14 is prevalent and widespread.

Since 2006, NCCM has been working according to the “National Strategy for the Elimination of child Labor in the Arab Republic of Egypt” to eliminate child labor.

Relevant Program(s)/Project(s):

Children at Risk

Child Abuse

Based on a child and human rights approach, NCCM has had it on its lists of priorities to implement programs that protect and rehabilitate abused children.

Since the NCCM amendments of the Child Law in 2008, programs dealing with street children, child labor, female genital mutilation, trafficking of children and others, seek to ensure that children have access to their rights and are enjoying a prosperous childhood.

Relevant Program(s)/Project(s):

Combating Violence Against Women & Children

Programs for Street Children

Street Children

Believing that street children warrant the same rights as other children for a childhood free from hunger and fear, NCCM believes that it is the collective responsibility of parents, government, NGOs and society to provide care, shelter, food, education, health care and future prospects for these children.

In 2003, “The National Strategy for the Protection and Rehabilitation of Street Children in Egypt”, launched by Egypt’s first lady, H.E Mrs. Suzanne Mubarak, guided the efforts of NCCM to support street children as one of the most marginalized and neglected groups in society.

The strategy aims to change prevailing stereotypes, prepare qualified personal to deal with the issue, provide and mobilize national resources to finance protection, care and rehabilitation programs.

  Most importantly the strategy aims to remove children from streets by educating them about their rights and building their capacity to be reintegrated in the community.

Relevant Program(s)/Project(s):

Programs for Street Children
Children at Risk

Children with Disability

Children with Disability



 
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