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Child Rights Observatory ENCRO

Egypt National Child Rights Observatory (ENCRO) is a tri-partite initiative aiming to put the bases for a scientific research mechanism

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Mandate & Functions

Mandate

The National Council is the highest authority mandated to propose public policies to be followed and to take whatever decisions necessary to achieve the objectives it was established for, and particularly the following:

In February 2000 the declaration by President Mubarak of the “Second Decade for the Protection and Welfare of the Egyptian Child” for the period (2000-2010) renewed the commitment of NCCM and reinforced its mandate to mainstream childhood and motherhood issues into national development plans in order to ensure adequate policies, programmes and budget allocations.

Functions

Policy Analysis and Upstream Advocacy

The purpose of policy analysis and dialogue is to analyse government policy, plans and programmes as well as laws and legislation in order to discern the impact of public policy on the welfare and status of Egyptian children and mothers. The aim of this is to sensitise policy makers, legislators and executives on the importance and methods of including child and motherhood concerns in development planning, resource allocation and implementation. This will help promote these concerns and create a broad based consensus on the importance of addressing them.

Mainstreaming of Childhood and Motherhood in the National Five-Year Development Plan

The purpose of mainstreaming childhood and motherhood in the National Five Year Plan is to ensure that adequate policies, programmes and projects are designed and implemented by the relevant ministries in a coordinated manner. This reinforces the principle of the indivisibility of the child rights. An important part of this process involves the allocation of resources required for implementation. Sensitization and training of planners in line ministries is also an integral component of this process.

Networking and Partnerships

A key function of NCCM is networking. The purpose of networking is to lobby support for childhood and motherhood issues, disseminate and share information with development partners through publications and conferences, initiate collaborative work and raise resources for interventions and programmes. Networking also involves the forging of a vast number of linkages with development partners within Egypt and outside including governments, NGOs, universities, research institutes, the private sector etc. In this context, NCCM has been entrusted with the key responsibility of representing Egypt on all childhood and motherhood concerns at international conferences and articulating and communicating Egypt’s position both internally and externally.

Communication and Awareness Raising

One of the most crucial functions played by NCCM is raising public awareness on the rights and needs of children to create broad based support and understanding. A variety of communication channels are currently being utilized. First, it is recognized that the mass media is a key tool in educating the public, creating favourable and supportive opinion on childhood and motherhood issues as well as sustaining attitudinal changes over the long run, thus creating a culture of rights. Second, NCCM sponsors issue-specific public campaigns in targeted regions of the country and continues to brief the public on its initiatives and activities through conferences, meetings, newsletters and other publications.

Research, Documentation and Dissemination

Research, documentation and dissemination are three closely related activities that form an integral component of NCCM functions. The purpose of research is to analyse and study the situation of Egyptian children and mothers. The bulk of these studies are being commissioned externally to research institutes, universities and independent experts. The purpose is to encourage scholarly work and enrich knowledge on children’s issues and assist NCCM in identifying critical areas for intervention. Dissemination on the other hand involves the publication and circulation of studies, empirical reports and research findings with governmental and non-governmental partner organizations and the general public at large.

Pilot Activities

Though the role of NCCM is primarily to advice government and society on children’s needs and rights as opposed to implementing programmes, NCCM executes a limited number of pilot and demonstration projects. The projects are designed and implemented to test or demonstrate specific ideas related to priorities identified by NCCM for possible future replication and or policy reform.



 
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