عربي    Contact Us    Sitemap    Related Links
 

Spotlight

Child Rights Observatory ENCRO

Egypt National Child Rights Observatory (ENCRO) is a tri-partite initiative aiming to put the bases for a scientific research mechanism

Read more

Home  >  Q&A;  >  Childhood / Adolescence

Childhood and Adolescence Issues

What are the causes of the street children phenomenon?

There are many reasons why children end up on the streets. Although we still lack comprehensive research results, we can list the following causes:

  • Low income of families.
  • Big number of children in families.
  • Lack of appropriate parenting skills.
  • Drug problems of parents.
  • Disabilities among children (it is estimated that around a third of all street children have a form of disabilitiy).

There is also a group of children who have undiagnosed disorders of childhood including conduct disorder, which has as one of its symptoms the tendeny to skip school and to run away from home.

How can I help my son with autism when he starts screaming for no obvious reason?

It is very difficult to give a general answer that would apply to all children with Autism. To deal with behavior, in general, and to try to manage behaviors, one first needs to understand them.

The problem in the case of Autistic children is often that their verbal abilities are too limited for them to be able to help us understand. In fact, this is often just the reason why they turn to yelling and screaming. They maybe hurt, hungry, annoyed, scared, or even happy when they scream. Sometimes they want to object to a change in their environment and find no other way to do so. Other times they use screaming as a form of self stimulation when they are bored.

It helps to try and observe your child and to try and identify patterns of behaviors. You might notice, for example, that your child starts screaming and yelling every time the TV is switched off unless the tape recorder is on. Your child, in this case, might be in need of auditory stimulation. You need to try and provide it for him: either keep TV or music on in the room, or alternatively, offer him earphones so as to avoid disturbing other family members who might be in need for some quietness and rest.

If your child is screaming when you are interrupting a routine you judged as inappropriate, it is up to you to decide whether changing or ending that routine is worth the headache that can result from the screams of objection.

In all cases, we would strongly advise you to seek more professional help tailored for your son.
You can call 16000 for more help and referrals.

I have an autistic child, what are chances he can be in a mainstream class?

Children with Autism show individual differences as much as other children do, so there is no general answer to your question. Autism is not necessarily related to mental deficiency. Some children with Autism have above average intelligence, some are average and some have below average intelligence and are seriously limited regarding their academic intelligence. Obviously, children with higher intelligence have a better chance at learning in "regular schools". However, intelligence is not the only factor involved in successful academic and school performance. Other important factors include the ability to communicate verbally and nonverbally, the ability to understand language and nonverbal communication, the ability to cope with changes and to follow instructions, etc. Autism involves limitations of several abilities, especially verbal and nonverbal communication, social understanding and common sense and children with Autism often resist change. These can be other challenges that make mainstream school education rather difficult unless the school provides the child with appropriate support in the form of a shadow teacher and/or special education specialists. With proper support, some children with Autism manage mainstream curricula in a satisfactory manner.

My daughter is 11 with physical disability. Schools are inaccessible. What can be done?

Since 2001 NCCM has worked hard to offer feasible solutions for such a problem. Since girls, disabled or non-disabled, have always had less chances of being sent to school, the idea of establishing "Girls Friendly schools" was conceived to ensure a change of that situation. Since 2003, over 700 such schools have been built and are currently running in seven governorates, and NCCM plans to cover all Egyptian governorates by the year 2013. Girls Friendly Schools accepts children between the ages 6 – 13 and are all accessible for children with disabilities. Girls have priority in these schools, while boys are allowed to take up 25% of the school's capacity.

If I see a child in trouble what can I do?

If you see a child whom you think is in any kind of trouble simply call the help line 16000. This is a service provided for free by NCCM. Specialists will take the necessary steps to make sure the child receives the needed help.



 
Partner Guide